Proofreading and Editing Process
Proofreading and editing is a process to correct all English errors from your academic paper. This involves both proofreading and editing, and helps to ensure your paper is clear and easy for the reader to understand. A paper that contains many English errors would irritate your reader, leaving him with a bad impression, even if your paper contains very interesting academic results! So checking your writing for any major errors is critical. This should be the final stage, after you have fully completed your paper, and have nothing to add to it.
So what is proofreading?
Proofreading involves a basic check of your academic writing, and involves detecting and adjusting three main English issues, which are spelling, grammar and punctuation. Spelling and typographical errors are inevitable, so a good proofreader would have a good eye to detect and adjust typos on the fly. Grammatical errors are errors in the syntax of a sentence. Some common examples of grammatical errors are subject-verb agreement, singular-plural agreement, run-on sentences, sentence fragments and wrong word usage, among many others. Punctuation mistakes typically involve misusing punctuation marks, especially commas, which are the most frequently abused among all punctuation marks.
What is editing?
Editing involves adjusting sentence structure and syntax, coherency and flow of ideas, clarity and conciseness, and academic tone. Sentence structure and clarity involve correcting common sentence structure mistakes, as well as ensuring concise and clear expression of ideas. Coherency and flow of ideas from paragraph to paragraph involve checking the overall coherency and flow of ideas from paragraph to paragraph. Academic tone involves improving academic terminology and usage of key terms. Some students use very basic terminology commonly used in day to day discussion. This is frowned upon in the academic world, and it is always effective to replace this basic terminology with academically sound terminology.
To sum up
So there you have it, the core components of proofreading (spelling, grammar and punctuation mistakes) and editing (sentence structure, coherency, and academic tone) are crucial to take into account when checking any academic writing for major English errors. This should always be the final step, right before publishing or printing your work.